In Praise of Shadows…

‘In Praise of Shadows’ is a book first published in 1933 by the notable Japanese author Junichiro Tanizaki.

The beating heart of the text is a deeply poetic and graceful exploration of: what beauty means, and where it is to be found.

And over the course of what first appears to be a brief and somewhat meandering essay concerning Japanese aesthetics, Tanizaki manages to take almost everything that we think we know for certain about this subject and, with the deft and matchless elegance of a master magician…

Turn it inside out.

Tanizaki begins by telling us that shadows are to the Japanese aesthetic of beauty, as light is to the Western one.  And not only the shadows cast by light, but also the shadows bestowed by usage, old age, and time.

He illustrates this principle with examples scattered throughout the book that run the gamut; from architecture, to music; from precious stones, to the ambience of tea rooms; from the deepest mysteries of Japanese theater, to the lines of the female form dancing in the near-dark.

In one such example, when discussing Japanese lacquerware he writes:

“Darkness is an indispensable element of the beauty of lacquerware.  Nowadays they even make a white lacquer, but the lacquerware of the past was finished in black, brown, or red, colors built up of countless layers of darkness, the inevitable product  of the darkness in which life was lived.”

While of Japanese cuisine Tanizaki states quite simply:

“Our cookery depends upon shadows, and is inseparable from darkness.”

Yet for all his certainty, Tanizaki does not claim any kind of moral superiority or absolute truth to the view he is putting forward – he is not saying that his is a better way, he is merely offering an alternative.

Part of the reason for this is the organic source of the aesthetic.  Tanizaki explains that it is simply a perspective that evolved naturally, in direct response to the actual circumstances of the oriental life.  In one of the book’s most striking passages he explains:

“The quality that we call beauty, however, must always grow from the realities of life, and our ancestors, forced to live in dark rooms, presently came to discover beauty in the shadows, ultimately to guide shadows towards beauty’s ends.”

And later on, in the book’s defining explanation of the contrasting viewpoints:

“…we Orientals tend to seek our satisfactions in whatever surroundings we happen to find ourselves, to content ourselves with things as they are; and so darkness causes us no discontent…If light is scarce then light is scarce; we will immerse ourselves in the darkness and there discover it’s own particular beauty.  But the progressive Westerner is determined always to better his lot.  From candle to oil lamp, oil lamp to gaslight , gaslight to electric light – his quest for a brighter light never ceases, he spares no pains to eradicate even the minutest shadow.”

The greatest thing about this essay is that, while it offers a strikingly alternative way of perceiving beauty in the world it never seeks to exclude our own.

Instead, what Tanizaki is offering the Western reader is: a widening of scope, a deepening of perception – the ability to see the poetry inherent in the blank page.

“Such is our way of thinking – we find beauty not in the thing itself but in the patterns of shadows, the light and the darkness, that one thing against another creates.”

Because ultimately, the message hidden between the lines of this book is:

As humans, our conception of beauty is, to some degree at least, a learned perceptual filter; so by working to widen our own view of what beauty is…

…we are able to find much more of it, in our own lives.

Thanks for reading.  I wish you well.

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75 responses to “In Praise of Shadows…”

  1. Sandra Simms

    James, thank you so much for this. As a family that reveres much about other cultures and in particular Japanese culture this makes me want run out and find this book read it and share it with them. Often I find that reading cross culturally provides a rich diversity that allows us to not only view a different way of thinking but also sets me on a course of introspection. And isn’t that the beauty of our multicultural world! I love it.

    From the quotes you’ve chosen, I love how the author demonstrates the quintessential example of balance…never underestimating the importance of darkness…not only on its own but in contrast and in tandem with light. Yin existing with Yang always. Brilliant.

    Safe to say I will be looking for this book soon. Thank you! As always you manage to strike a chord.🍻

    Big hug!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hey Sandra, Thankyou so much for this! You made me smile.
      Yes, the book is a very beautiful read. It is incredible how reading someone’s words can make you look at the world in a different way.
      Oh! And if you havn’t seen this before, you may want to sign up for the blog email (different from mailing list) – form is on the front page. Hope this is useful, feel free to discard if not.
      Thanks again for writing to me, have a great evening,
      – J


  2. Dina Zee

    Your review made me want to read it. Excellent article! <3 Thanks for enlightening us with such literature!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. It is a truly beautiful book. And this is, possibly the nicest thing you could have said about my article.
      Thanks, and have a great night,
      – J

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Dina Zee

        Possibly? Fair enough! Haha!

        Liked by 1 person

          1. Dina Zee


            Liked by 1 person

  3. Oh yes! to become more perceptive, more open to all the forms of beauty around us. That is a goal to hold fast to; And to then live deliberately and in a meaningful way share our personal growth. That is the challenge. Thank you for sharing this work.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. You are most welcome. Thankyou for reading it. ;-)
      Have a good night,
      – J


  4. The shadows of usage, age and time. That place, the “isness” created by those words you have gathered for us touches deeply. I’ve been in a fallow pause myself and it’s full of ‘shadow’ of the sort that lurks in any of my resting moments. When the high end of the wave peak is pulsing, seems like all the doubts, what if’s, darker places in my creative rhythm all disappear in the radiance of that blast of ‘good juju’. Yet I know that whenever this /my rhythm can flow freely into and out of action and resting, both offer me a richness that I need to be nourished. So, thank you. Your current posting was a spark as I wandered through and around, wondering what the heck has me muddle-ling along this time, do I really need another round of the fallow to bring forth the juicy? Of course, yes I/we do need that brilliant quiet pause to gather from the shadows.
    Thank you for the reminder.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. This is a very beautiful comment. Thankyou for it, and also for reading the post. I am glad that it had a positive effect – hearing this makes me happy.
      Have a good one my friend,
      – J


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